The skin is the largest organ in the body in terms of surface area. It consists of two layers, the epidermis and dermis. The skin serves a host of functions with three priorities: protection, sensation, and regulation.
How your skin looks speaks volumes about your physical health. A healthier body translates into a more youthful skin tone. Our skin operates like a well-oiled machine. Your skin is continually in a state of evolvement and regeneration. This means that the body loses dead skin cells to generate more. The newer cells make your skin smoother and brighter.
The buildup of dead skin cells is a common skin care problem affecting many people. While there are different ways to shed off these cells through the best skin care products in Malaysia, it’s important to know what leads to those dead skin cells and the effects on your face if not removed regularly.
What are dead skin cells?
Skin cells are made up of a protein substance, created in the epidermis layer, called keratin. The life cycle of a skin cell involves travelling up across the epidermis to the dermis, all the way to the outermost layer of the skin where the skin cell meets its death and is eventually shed via a process referred to as desquamation. The life cycle of a skin cell lasts for just a month. The buildup of dead skin cells may lead to the following:
Dull skin tone
After skin cells die, new cells are formed and brought to the skin surface, carrying with them moisture plus lipids that cause your face to shine or glow. However, if dead cells build up on the surface of your face, they create a barrier that obstructs the skin-brightening benefits of blood vessels, making your skin look lacklustre.
Dry, rough skin
Dead skin is usually uneven, flaky and even feels rough when you touch it.
Larger, clogged pores
Pores are openings on your skin in which hair follicles crop up. Akin to small holes, the buildup of dead skin and dirt on the face causes pores to enlarge to accommodate the increase in material within them. Consequently, your pores become larger and noticeable to the eye.
Acne affects teenagers and adults when the small pores on the skin’s surface become clogged with sebum oil and dead skin cells. The sebaceous gland is responsible for the production of sebum oil which is meant to keep your facial skin lubricated and soft.
When the gland produces excess sebum due to hormonal changes or other factors, the oil is pumped through the hair follicle and may trap dead skin cells plus bacteria during excretion. When sebum oil clumps together with dead skin cells, a plug is formed. Soon, the plug will start to press up against the skin’s surface, causing the body to releases red and white blood cells to neutralize any infection. Consequently, inflammation and redness come about. Acne will crop up on the face and any other skin area experiencing a saturation of sebum oil.