Before you get into exfoliation, you have to know the difference between chemical and physical exfoliators. However, there are great benefits that you can only get from chemical exfoliators. Among its benefits is preventing excessive formation of acne. Chemical exfoliators are considered to be the best way to get glowing skin and are among the best skin care products in Malaysia.
Some of the famous chemical exfoliators are the major groups AHAs and BHA. In this article, we will be dissecting some of the best chemical exfoliators that you need to try!
Alpha-Hydroxy Acid (AHA)
Alpha-Hydroxy Acids are responsible for evening out skin tone and rejuvenating the cell to achieve a healthier and glowing look. In natural occurrences, dead skin cells stay on the skin’s surface and refuse to detach unless you exfoliate them. These dead skin cells are unable to divide and held together strongly by protein bonds, leading to the skin looking dull and unhealthy.
AHAs loosen the protein bonds that stick these dead skin cells together, allowing them to get exfoliated to reveal healthier and brighter looking skin. It also creates a plump skin texture.
Since AHAs exfoliates the surface of the skin, getting rid of dead skin cells, skin pores are allowed to absorb more moisture which are great for people who have naturally dry skin.
Among the famous AHAs are:
Although the most famous from the AHA group, you have to be careful when dealing with high concentration of glycolic acid. Despite being safe as a chemical exfoliant, it can still cause irritation so we suggest to start with lower concentrations and test if you are going to react to the chemical. Just like most chemical peels, glycolic acid helps in revealing a brighter and fresher looking surface, as well as evening out skin tone.
Also found in milk and most dairy products, Lactic Acid is somewhat safer to use especially for people with sensitive skin. It also considered as a humectant, a substance that provides ultimate hydration and boosts skin moisture, making lactic acid a good choice of exfoliant for people with dry skin.
Despite not being used frequently, mandelic acid is also part of the AHA group. Just like lactic acid, mandelic acid is rich in humectant properties, making it a great exfoliant for those who still want to have some moisture left after exfoliating. Mandelic acid is known for its antibacterial properties as well making it the best choice for treating acne-prone skin.
While AHAs are known to get rid of dead skin cells, BHA, on the other hand, gets rid of dirt and gunk inside your pores. The beta hydroxy acid is another best option for people with oily and acne prone skin. The alpha hydroxy acid and beta hydroxy acid are commonly used together to achieve an effective and satisfying result. Unlike the AHAs, BHA only has one classification, that is the salicylic acid. Salicylic acid is a common skincare ingredient specifically formulated to target inflamed and acne prone skin. However, people with allergy to ASAs should avoid this product. It can also have the tendency to dry the skin out so opt to use a lightweight moisturizer to balance everything.