Freckles are dark patches visible on the skin, especially in areas that are exposed to the sun. These spots can be small or large. Sometimes freckles overlap and can appear larger. They are usually smooth along your skin. Therefore, those dark skin spots that are bumpy are not freckles but moles.
Freckles are formed when overactive pigment cells come together to produce melanin, a chemical that darkens the skin in order to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun by absorbing or reflecting them.
You don’t feel any pain when you touch these dark spots. Furthermore, they are likely to increase in number when you continue exposing your skin to direct sunlight. Freckles come in a variety of colors such as red, tan, light or dark brown. Some are even yellow.
While freckles are not detrimental, not everyone suffers from them. Health practitioners have realised a criteria for developing these spots. You can contract freckles through the following ways:
Freckles display a predominant pattern of gene inheritance. As such, parents pass on the genes of freckling to their kids. If you have freckles, there’s a high possibility that your parents usually develop freckles as well.
Exposure to Sunlight
When your skin is susceptible to harmful ultraviolet rays, freckles are likely to pop up or spread further after repeated exposure to direct sunlight. Continued basking in the sun can also cause the spots to darken.
Classification of freckles
These are the most prevalent of the two freckle types. Patches of dark skin are visible on the neck, hands, chest, and face of light-skinned children when they are exposed to the sun. This susceptibility to the sun’s ultraviolet rays can lead to much darker stains. They are conspicuous in the summer and disappear in the winter. Avoiding UV rays, or taking protective measures against them can cause the freckles to fade.
Two types of lentigines exist. Solar lentigines commonly referred as liver spots or age spots that occur commonly on the shins, face, back, arms and hands of the elderly. On the other hand, simple lentigines appear abnormally shaped and elongated.
Dealing with freckles
While freckles may not be dangerous, they simply warn you to avoid directly exposing your skin to the sun. It’s also a sign that your complexion could be prone to some form of skin cancer. The methods cited below can you get rid of your freckles.
Those who possess ephelides freckles are quite lucky that their skin patches will disappear eventually. By wearing a sunscreen that effectively thwarts ultraviolet rays, freckles should not develop.
- Laser treatment
Among the myriad of treatment options in regards to freckles, laser treatment is more permanent. The procedure removes the melanin pigment responsible for the freckles. Your dermatologist will advise you whether laser treatments are suitable for you.
- Bleaching Creams
Bleaching agents slow down the production of increased melanin pigment. As a result, the dark spots reduce in intensity or disappear completely.
- Home treatments
Being a thoroughly acidic fruit, lemon juice can serve as a natural bleaching agent. As a result, when applied to the dark spots, it can help to lighten those skin areas. Consistent application will cause the dark patches to disappear.
In conclusion, knowing the origins of the freckles on your face can help you find the best skin care in Malaysia for your face and eliminate those pesky freckles.